Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov dismissed the intelligence claims as a sham.
The U.S. military has a problem: when it comes to long-range precision fires, infantry forces are outgunned by Russia.
Gen. Frank McKenzie said the U.S. did not increase force protection measures in Afghanistan as a result of the information.
Elizabeth Jo Shirley worked on assignments with the National Security Agency while serving in the Air Force.
Russia's Foreign Ministry said Russia has only supplied weapons to the legitimate government of Afghanistan.
Trump's national security adviser said he had prepared a list of retaliatory options if the intelligence proved true.
"The larger question we should pose is who benefits from the release of this information? The obvious answer is Russia."
Trump's relationship with the nation's military community has been frequently strained.
The Defense Department has been silent on the topic, referring questions to the White House.
The White House didn't respond to questions about Trump or other officials’ awareness of Russia’s provocations in 2019.