U.S. Naval History and Roles

Members of Naval Special Warfare Group TWO.
Members assigned to Naval Special Warfare Group TWO conduct military land warfare operations. (Russell Rhodes Jr./U.S. Navy)

The U.S. Navy is the most lethal force on the high seas. But what makes them so lethal?

The Navy maintains, trains, and equips combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining the freedom of the seas. U.S. Navy personnel expertly operate virtually every type of military equipment in U.S. arsenal, everything from HumVees to Aircraft Carriers.

The U.S. Navy was founded on 13 October 1775, and the Department of the Navy was established on 30 April 1798. The Navy has the following main components, all of which ensure the Navy is capable of taking on the enemy anywhere in the world:

NAVY OPERATING FORCES – The U.S. Navy has approximately 340,000 active-duty servicemembers and 71,000 members of the Navy Reserve.

THE SURFACE FLEET – This consists of vessels of all sizes. Whether providing insertion or cover for special operations on inland rivers or battling modern day pirates on the high seas, the Navy has a ship suited for every waterborne military mission. Learn more about Navy Ships.

THE SUBMARINE FLEET – Known as the “Silent Service” submarines have played a number of roles in a hundred years of both war and peace: attack, surveillance, commando insertion, research, and nuclear deterrent. Submarines give the Navy the ability to arrive on scene before the enemy is aware they’re on the way. Learn more about Navy Submarines.

THE NAVAL AVIATION WING – In addition to the surface and submarine warfare capabilities the Navy can provide firepower and support from the air as well. The Navy’s aviation contingent consists of Helicopters, Fighter/Attack Jets, Surveillance, Transport and Cargo Aircraft and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV). Learn more about Naval Aircraft.

THE SHORE "SUPPORT" ESTABLISHMENT - The shore establishment provides support to the operating forces (known as "the fleet") in the form of: facilities for the repair of machinery and electronics; communications centers; training areas and simulators; ship and aircraft repair; construction, intelligence and meteorological support; storage areas for repair parts, fuel, and munitions; medical and dental facilities; and air bases.

The Bottom Line: The Navy has an awesome array of aircraft, ships, and equipment and offers many high tech jobs. From medical to nuclear, mechanical to administrative, there is bound to be a job right for you. If high tech is your passion or you just want a great job, with great benefits, and to travel around the world. Then the Navy may be just the place to start your military career. You can start your career by getting more info about Joining


Ready to Join the Navy?

Be sure to get the latest news about the Navy as well as critical info about how to join and all the benefits of service. Subscribe to Military.com and receive customized updates delivered straight to your inbox.

Show Full Article