The History and Roles of the U.S. Army

historical army painting

The Second Continental Congress founded the Army in 1775; it is the oldest service of the United States military. Originally formed to protect the freedom of the first 13 colonies, the Army has evolved and grown from this small militia force into the world's premier fighting force.

The Army exists to serve the American people, to defend the Nation, to protect vital national interests, and to fulfill national military responsibilities. Our mission is enduring: to provide necessary forces and capabilities to the Combatant Commanders in support of the National Security and Defense Strategies.

The Army recruits, organizes, trains, and equips Soldiers who, as vital members of their units and the Joint Team, conduct prompt, sustained combat and stability operations on land. The Army is also charged with providing logistics and support to enable the other Services to accomplish their missions, and supporting civil authorities in time of emergency, when directed.

The Army continues to provide Combatant Commanders with a wide range of forces and capabilities to prevail in the war on terror, to sustain our global commitments, and to build effective multinational coalitions. First and foremost are the forces required for Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, which include forward-stationed units and those based in the United States. The Army's requirements, however, are far greater than those needed to support the war on terror. They include support for:

  • Multinational exercises which reflect our longstanding leadership of, and commitment to, an expanding North Atlantic Treaty Organization and many other alliances
  • The defense of South Korea, Japan, and many other friends, allies, and partners
  • Ongoing peacekeeping operation
  • The security of our borders
  • Operations and equipment to counter the flow of illegal drugs

The Bottom Line: Just because the Army is the oldest doesn't mean you won't be working with today's most high-tech equipment. Most of what the army does, it does on land. The Army is the largest of all the branches of the military and has many different jobs to offer.

If the Army sounds interesting get your career started by talking with a recruiter.

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